Save Dehiwala Beach from Pollution And Health Hazards

Here are some photos of the Colombo Dehiwala beach. From faraway it still looks beautiful and picturesque. But when you go and walk around the beach all kinds of swear words will come to your mouth.

I’m sad to say, Dehiwela beach is on the fast track to become another polluted and garbage filled stretch of city beach, like you find in so many 3rd world developing countries. That’s really sad because this is a prime asset for a developing country like Sri Lanka.

sri lanka beach pictures

This first picture shows a photo of the Dehiwela beach I took about two years ago (somewhere in 2009). The beach was even then  polluted and not taken care by local government or any other organization. However it was not as polluted as now it is today. Just compare it with the next picture which is a recent picture of the Dehiwela beach stretch taken from almost the exact same spot.

colombo beach picture This prime sandy beach on closer inspection is always littered with garbage and dirt. Walking on the beach can sometimes be like waking on a minefield because of broken pieces of glass, rusted tins and bottles left by beach party goers, beach side restaurants and visitors.

Here are a few more  recent pictures I took for Sri Lanka News Online, that shows an entirely different aspect of the beach you might miss or overlook when you go there.

dehiwela beach sri lanka

The above picture is a place where a large dirty water drain that brings the dirt water from all houses and buildings of Dehiwela town flow into the Indian ocean. These are local government maintained constructed water drains that leave the dirty water to flow without any filtering and polute the ocean. When these drains near the sea they become almost small canal and don’t have any concrete walls or bunds in the side of drains. About 50 meters from the sea the constructed drains stop. There after the poluted dirty water of the drains are left to find its own way to the sea.

As you can see in the pictures here this results in small poluted and stanant water ponds forming near the beach. You can imagine what kind of mosquito’s and health hazards might be breeding in these filthy ponds. The stench near this drains are also sometimes unbearable.
dehiwela beach garbage

There are several large public drains like this one that stop short of flowing into the sea their dirty water and instead form dirty water and garbage filled ponds like this on the Dehiwela beach.

rain water drain system

I hope some Local MPs and Government officers of the Dehiwela and Mount Lavinia Municipal Council into this matter and save beach.

Update: Just after finishing writing this I foundout that another Sri Lankan blogger had also been blogging about same topic at the same time. Check his post called – Drains And Canals.

colombo port construction

Colombo Port Set To Enter Top 10 Busiest Ports in the World!

Even though Sri Lanka is a small and developing country, it currently has one of the busiest container port and largest harbour in the world. The Colombo port in Sri Lanka which is currently ranked as the 29th busiest port in the world in Wikipedia’s list of world’s busiest container ports.

new colombo port

Above Pic: A New 1.5km long container quay of Colombo Port, spreading out to the Indian Ocean from the shores of Colombo.

However as you can see in the photos here which I took recently, a mega expansion project is going on at the Colombo port. This Colombo port expansion project is going to it 3 times as big as it is now!  That means when this port expansion project is over (within 2 years), Colombo port will be set to become one of the 10 largest and busiest ports in the world!

According to the previously mentioned Wikipedia world’s busiest port list, Colombo port handled about 4 million TEUs (or Twenty-foot equivalent units of containers) in 2010. That made it the 29th busiest port in the world. This itself is a impressive record for a country like small Sri Lanka, considering that world famous and busy ports like New York City (ranked world’s 19th) handled only 5.3 million TEUs in 2010.

When the Colombo Port expansion project (called the Colombo South Port) is  complete the Colombo Port will have the ability to handle more then 12 million TEUs annually. According to current world port statistic that will make Colombo Port able to claim the 9th or 10th place among the top 10 busiest ports in the world.

colombo port construction

Above Pic Shows construction work going on 24/7 at Colombo Port expansion project. The strange shaped objects in the foreground are the giant concrete boulders that are used to fill the sea, reclaim land and build the new quays of the port.

S0 look forward very soon for the day our port will beat world famous ports like Rotterdam  (11.1 million TEUs, Busiest Port in Europe) and Los Angeles Port  (6.5 million TEUs, busiest port in North America). Not bad for a small 3rd world country no?

nolimit sri lanka

NOLIMIT: Sri Lanka’s Biggest Fashion Store Chain & Best Place For Shopping Clothes

What is the best place to buy clothes in Sri Lanka?

I get queried often about the fashion stores in Sri Lanka, shopping in Colombo and about Colombo cloth shops. So I made the below list of the what I think are the Top 10 Fashion Stores in Sri Lanka.

nolimit sri lankaNolimit Fashion Store in Wellawatte, Colombo 6

This list of top 10 fashion and cloth shops in Sri Lanka is based on my experience and observation. Such a top 10 list is always a judgmental call and I’m sure not everyone will agree with it. I’d love to see you come up with your own list of top 10 clothing stores in Sri Lanka. You can leave  your list in the comments below or post in your blog and let me know so that I’ll link to your post from

My Top 10 Fashion Stores in Sri Lanka

1. Nolimit Sri Lanka
2. Odel Sri Lanka
3. Fashion Bug Sri Lanka
4. House of Fashion Sri Lanka
5. Hameedia’s (Menswear specialist)
6. Ranjanas (Pettah, Colombo 11)
7. Kandy Fashion Store (Kiribathgoda)
8. Ranjanas (Pettah, Colombo 11)
9. Bavery Street Sri Lanka
10. Romafour (Bambalapitiya, Colombo 4)

I may eventually get around to write in detail about each of these leading fashion stores in Sri Lanka. In the meantime out of these top 10 fashion stores, here are some details and my experience and opinion of the best and largest fashion store, NOLIMIT Sri Lanka.


The Nolimit Sri Lanka Fashion Chain

What makes me say Nolimit is the top fashion store in the Sri Lanka are their 20 or so showrooms located throughout the country. In addition they also sell cloths at reasonable prices, have a large selection of clothing available in their stores. The cloths are also of acceptable quality and the staff are quite helpful when you ask their assistance. Nolimit showrooms are also very modern and look like any international fashion chain stores such as Addidas or Levi’s showrooms in Colombo.

As for the products they sell, Nolimit offers all kinds of clothes and accessories for men, women and children. Their cloth prices are reasonable and within reach of average Sri Lankan citizens buying ability. Nolimit showrooms also have the biggest collection and selection of clothing types and designs I have seen anywhere in Sri Lanka. So personally, I’m a big fan of Nolimit even though their cloths are not of the high quality I expect for the money I pay.

Below is a snapshot of some shirts and a t-shirt I bought from Nolimit and their sister store,Glitz recently. They are not designer cloths or the of the best quality nor were they the cheapest in the market but overall I’m happy with them becausse they look good and they are comfortable to wear. My more fashion conscious cousins and friends have also said they look good  and are made of good mixed cotton and polyester materials.nolimit srilanka fashion store

Nolimit Sri Lanka is also the unmatched leader in this fashion store business in the country with around 20 showrooms so far which are located in strategic towns and cities across the country such as Colombo, Kandy, Dehiwela, Mount Lavinia, Rathnapura, Negambo among others. No other fashion store or clothing shop in Sri Lanka has so many outlets. So NOLIMIT in their advertisements claim they are biggest fashion chain in Sri Lanka. They are also opening more clothing showrooms all over the island. In fact, their popularity is such that in recent years they have also garnered fear and hate attacks from certain extremist groups in the country because the owners of this store is from the a minority community.

In the last year or two, the owner of Nolimit seems to have split his single flag-ship fashion chain into 3 fashion chains named Nolimit, Glitz and Pallu respectively. So in addition to Nolimit clothing showroom, they have opened several large specialized fashion & clothing stores in Colombo called Glitz and Pallu. The Pallu chain of showrooms specialize in traditional and eastern clothing such as expensive Indian Saris, Panjabis, Shalwar Kameez, etc while in Glitz chain seems to be aiming to become a high class fashion store with expensive and designer clothing.

In the meantime the normal Nolimit shops you find all types of clothing from really cheap ones to expensive items. They also have some discount cloth shops called NOLIMIT Discount Store. I have visited one of their discount shops in Dehiwela Hill street and found it had some decent cloths for dirt cheap prices. You can find more about Nolimit through their website at

So what’s your experience with Nolimit and other Fashion Stores in Sri Lanka? Feel free to share them below.

dehiwela flyover bridge

Dehiwela People Loose Bus Halts, Road Crossings Due To Dehiwela Flyover Bridge

Here you see some photos of the Dehiwela Flyover bridge over the Colombo Galle Road at the Dehiwela Junction. At a glance anyone who looks at this flyover bridge which was built at record breaking speed of just three months in 2009 will see it as a sign of big development in Sri Lanka. However as you will learn from the things I will tell you in this article the reality is far from development or progress for the country.

dehiwela galle road bridgeThis Dehiwela Flyover Bridge is living proof of another ill-conceived Government project which swallowed hundreds of millions of public funds but overall failed to benefit the country or its people in the short term or long term.

The Sri Lanka Government spent a huge amount of money and built this flyover bridge saying it is development and will reduce the nightmarish slow moving traffic jams you see during office and school hours in Galle road near Dehiwela Junction. However 2 years after the flyover was built, today the traffic jams in Dehiwela near this flyover is worse than it ever was.

If the authorities really wanted to reduce traffic in Dehiwela Galle road they should have either widened the Galle road from 4 lanes to 6 lanes or built the planned Dehiwela Marine Drive which will run parallel to the Galle road and offer a alternative to motor traffic. Instead they not only built this vain flyover bridge but also removed road crossings, several bus halts and blocked turning points to off roads from Galle Road by erecting an island and fence in the middle of the Dehiwela Galle Road.

dehiwela flyover bridge

As a resident who lives near the flyover and sees and uses it, I can attest that the Dehiwela Flyover has now become a curse to Dehiwela people. For instance instance a few days back I met an elderly lady, (who said she was a 70+ great-grandmother) standing near the Dehiwela Municipal Council. She told me she is a social worker and JP and she had collected 25 signatures from her neighbors and had come to meet the  Dehiwela & Mount Lavinia Mayer to complain about the removal of road crossings and bus halts within the last year or two in  the Dehiwela Galle Road. Removal of these has caused her and her neighbors who live in Campbell Place off Dehiwela Galle Road to walk several hundred meters before they can get into a bus or cross the Galle road to shop at the Food City supermarket at the other side of the road.

The Authorities have removed several bus haults and crossings like this near the flyover saying they were causing more accidents. The bus halts that were known as Ebert Silva bus halt, Arpico bus halt, Cambell place halt are some of those removed. So to board a bus Dehiwela people and visitors have to sometimes walk nearly a kilometer to the next nearest bus halt. However the increase in accidents is not because of the halts or crossings. As you can see in the above photos the flyover was built at the Dehiwela junction without widening the road. So many motorist who drive over the flyover in which traffic moves faster find it hard to control the speed when they join the slow moving traffic at the other end of the flyover. This is the primary reason for accidents not bus halts.

Vehicle owners in Dehiwela also face hardships after the flyover was built. Before the flyover was built their were gaps in the island at the middle of the road and there was no fence in the middle of the Galle Road at Dehiwela. So vehicles who wanted to turn to off roads were able to turn where they wanted from the Galle Road. The below photo shows how the Galle road was there when building the Dehiwela Junction Flyover. The photo after that was taken today and shows the dividing fence at the middle of the road.

colombo galle road

dehiwela galle road

But now because the road is divided at the center with a island and fence motorist who want to turn to off road are forced to drive right up to the Dehiwela Junction and come back in the other side of the road before turning to the off road they want to go. This  means Dehiwela people are often forced to drive pass their by-roads and back for more than 1km but also adds to increased traffic at the Dehiwela Junction and loss more fuel and time for Dehiwela people. For others who use taxi cabs and three wheelers this has resulted in having to pay extra taxi fees for the additional distance traveled.

So after more  than 2 years of the flyovers existence it has not only failed in easing the traffic jams in Dehiwela but also caused additional hardships to people who live and visit the Dehiwela town.

Retail Shop Using Counterfeit Money Detector To Catch Fake Money

Most of the people think detecting counterfeit money using technological devices is done only at banks. However this is no longer true. As you can see from the photos here, today even normal retail shops in Sri Lanka have started to use technological devices known as counterfeit money detectors to detect fake money. I managed to take these photos of one such device for Sri Lanka News Online at a mobile phone selling shop in Ratnapura area.

counterfeit bill detector
This first photo shows the counterfeit detector used at that mobile phone shop. It is actually a very simple device. Primarily it has a surface on which to place the bank note you want to check/detect. Under the surface you got bulbs that emit normal light and ultra-violet light. Once you place a Sri Lanka bank note, US dollar bill or any currency note on the surface, it has the ability to highlight and show hidden watermarks using either the normal white light or the ultra-violet light.

counterfeit money detector
Here in this second photo you can see how a Sri Lanka 2000 Rupee looks like when I kept it on that money detector and switched on the Ultra-violet light. With the help of the blueish ultra violet light you can see some beautiful hidden watermarks and designs in the 2000 rupee note. Some of these designs are visible only when you pass ultra violet light through the note. Counterfeit bank notes don’t have these kind of ultra-violet light watermarks. The retail shop-men who have counterfeit detectors know what ultra-violet light watermarks to look for in different denomination of bank notes. So today they easily identify fake money.
counterfeit money detection

This third photo shows how the same Sri Lankan 2000 Rupee bank note looks like when it is kept on the detector and the normal white light is switched on. Even with this normal light a trained eye can detect several minute details in bank notes that are hard to be counterfeited in bogus money.

Counterfeit money detectors like these are now commonly used by Sri Lanka retail shops and businesses, specially those  that handle a lot of bank notes with high value. In fact today retail shops that deposit their money at the end of the day at a bank are forced to use such counterfeit money detector devices. That is because when counterfeit bank notes are detected at Sri Lanka banks they are required to destroy them. So to not risk losing their money when depositing at banks, retail business owners today try to ensure they don’t accept any counterfeit money from customers. They do this by passing all the notes they get through a counterfeit money detector like this. Examples of normal retail shops in Sri Lanka that use this kind of devices in include gold jewellery stores, gem shops and wholesale merchandise shops.

In this picture here you see a 20 rupee Sri Lanka bank note I placed on the money detector when the ultra violet light is on. According to what the shop businessman told me he identifies fake 20 rupee notes by the “20” mark visible slightly to the left in the center of the note. That “20” is only visible in ultra-violet light.

Another reason counterfeit detectors are increasing being used is the recent advances in printing technology and its easy availability. Today making fake or counterfeit money has become very easy. To make a passable copy of a Sri Lanka bank note all you need is a computer, a image editing software like Photoshop, a colour printer, a scanner and some quality paper. But counterfeit money made like this though sometimes are clever copies of the original, can be identified in several ways including those mentioned above.

But more than 99% of the people don’t take more than a cursory glance at the bank notes that pass through their hands. So unless we are careful, counterfeiters manage to trick us by slipping in one or two counterfeit bank notes along with several genuine notes and manage to pass them among the general public. This has resulted in lot of counterfeit money circulating among the general population of Sri Lanka. However the Government and the Central bank tries to catch such fake money and destroy them by requiring banks and financial institutions to pass all the bank notes they get through devices like these that have the ability to detect counterfeit money.




Largest Dutch Fort in Sri Lanka: Photos of 1624 Trincomalee Fort Fredrick

If you visit Trincomalee area in North Eastern Sri Lanka you can find many tourist attractions to occupy your time.  Some of them are the hot water springs in Kanniyayi, the Trincomalee Harbour, the Pigeon Island, the old Dutch Fort, the Nilaveli beach and other beaches for surfing, scuba diving, fishing and whale watching, not to mention the town itself with its blend of people with their different cultures and traditions.

Out of these famous locations in Trincomalee, the old Dutch Fort is perhaps the most important tourist attraction. That is because it is not just a old fortress. This fort is a very diverse attraction for a tourist, because within it a curious tourist has got many things to see and experience.

Sadly many people don’t know about the things you got to see in this historic Fort. So I thought to photograph and document things of interest you find within the old Trincomalee Dutch fort which also happens to be the largest Dutch Fort in Sri Lanka. I took the photographs of the Fort I’m sharing here on a visit to the Trincomalee somewhere in the end of September 2011. So without further ado here is the largest Dutch fort in Sri Lanka at your perusal…


Trincomalee Fort Fredrick (1624-1948) As Seen From Trincomalee Town Dutch Bay Beach

trincomalee beach pictures

The Dutch Fort as seen from the Trincomalee town beach. As you will see in the map below the Fort is built on a small north facing peninsular land mass that juts out of a larger peninsular  in which the Trincomalee town is today located.

The Map of the Fort

[mappress mapid=”4″]

trincomalee fort dutch

The Entrance To the Fort 

trincomalee fort entrance

Backside of the Fort Entrance

srilanka dutch fort

Fort Fredrick Road leading to Trincomalee Town

fort entrance road

Road within the Fort to Koneswaram Hindu Kovil

trincomalee pictures fort


The Army Camp of Sri Lanka Army Gajaba Regiment

trincomalee army camp

srilanka army camp

Koneswaram Kovil (Hindu Temple)

trincomalee Koneswaram kovil

Monkeys Waiting for Food from Tourist & Pilgrims

srilanka wildlife photos


Tourist shops and souvenir stands within Fort on the way to Koneswaram Kovil

trincomalee fort market

Sweets and Food Products made primarily from Palmyra Tree

Palmyra tree products

Souvenir stand selling Seashell And Shell-work Artifacts

seashell shellwork artifacts

View of Trincomalee Town And Fishing Harbour from a hill within the Fort

trincomalee town pictures

A hill within the fort

trincomalee photos fort


The Place called Lover’s Leap

srilanka lovers leap


Remains of World War II British Coastal Artillery Guns


coastal artillery guns

world war 2 artillery

Un-Preserved Ruins & Wilderness within the Fort

dutch fort ruins

ruins and wild plants

Hope you enjoyed these pictures and the little detail I could provide with it. Feel free to add your comments and any knowledge about Trincomalee Fort you like to share in the comments.

pinnawela elephant orphanage

Tourist Hotels in Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage Area

pinnawela elephant orphanageAn elephant walks in front of the Elephant Park hotel after a bath in MaOya river – (Photo was taken by my cousin in a recent visit to Pinnawela

If you want to get the most of a visit to see wild Asian elephants at Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage in Sri Lanka then you have to be ready to spend sometime there. However many tourist both local and foreign visit the Pinnawala elephant sanctuary as a drop visit of few hours. I think thats because they are unaware of hotel and lodging facilities available near this orphanage which also happens to have the largest herd of captive elephants in the world.

Now thanks to the elephant orphanage in Pinnawela area some small but good tourist hotels have come up. So if you are hoping to visit Pinnawala, you can spend more than a few hours, perhaps stay a day or two and watch the elephants without traveling a hour or so to big hotels located 25km away near Kandy city. The hotels in Pinnawala area are as follows;
1) Hotel Elephant Bay, Pinnawala – This is a 19 room hotel just opposite the elephant orphanage at Pinnawala. It has rooms with large private balconies and spectacular views over Ma Oya River where the Pinnawela elephants bath and soak in water for hours. The hotel also offers bicycle rental facilities for guests’ convenience which allows you to ride and experience the surrounding tropical countryside. They also have activities like hiking and fishing available.

2) Hotel Elephant View, Pinnawala – This is another small tourist hotel located right next to the Pinnawala orphanage. It has 16 rooms and all the other amenities of a small hotel.

3) Pinnawala Hotel Champis – Located at a 5-minute walk from the Pinnawala elephant orphanage is the 10 room  Hotel Champis of Pinnawela.

4) Pinnawala Elephant Park Hotel – This is a 6 room hotel located a five minute walk from the Elephant Orphanage. Guests at Hotel Elephant Park can watch elephants directly from their rooms.

All these hotels at Pinnawela have restaurants which provide an international menu and Western-style guest rooms with a private bathroom and toiletries and shower facilities. They also have room services including laundry and ironing and satellite TVs. You can make booking and also get lot more information about these hotels through the Pinnawela Hotels page in


Photos of New Wellawatte Dehiwela Marine Drive Bridge Construction

After 15 years of plans and just idle talk from authorities, the Marine Drive in Colombo that currently runs parallel to the Galle Road is now being extended to Dehiwela. The first stage of the new Dehiwela Marine drive road seems to be the construction of a bridge over the old Dutch canal that separates Wellawatte from Dehiwala. Upon hearing about this bridge’s construction a few days back from a three-wheel driver, I thought lot of people who suffer the traffic blocks in Dehiwela Galle Road will like to see it. So, I went to see it today morning and managed to take the photos you see below of this new Wellawatte Dehiwala Marine drive bridge for Sri Lanka News Online.


marine drive dehiwala

As you can see in this photos the marine drive bridge connecting Wellawatte and Dehiwala is almost complete. What remains is the laying of long concrete slabs over this bridge’s steel under carriage.

marine drive bridge dehiwala

In the below picture you can see the concrete slabs that are to be placed on top of the steel structure of the bridge. A guy I spoke to who works in a business near this bridge told me the State Engineering Corporation of Sri Lanka carried out the initial piling and concrete base construction work of this steel bridge. Bringing the pre-manufactured steel parts of the bridge and assembling it over that base using the crane you see here is being carried out by a foreign arm.

dehiwala wellawatte marine drive
Like in Wellawatte to Kollupitya the Dehiwala Marine drive section is also going to run a few meters inland and parallel to the Colombo South coastal railway tracks. I was fortunate to snap a train pass by when I was there on the railway bridge next to the Dehiwala-Wellawatte new Marine drive bridge.

dehiwala marine drive
But if you have dreams of driving in the Dehiwala Marine drive in very soon, well… there is a lot more work to be done than making a bridge. As you can see in the next two photo as of today reclaiming land for the road and clearing it has not even started. The houses and buildings to the land side of the railway track in the below pictures need to be reclaimed and demolished  before the construction of the Dehiwala Marine drive extension begins.
dehiwala marine road

(At the far end of the railway tracks in the above photo can you dimly make out a train stopped at the Dehiwela railway station? And also the tall building next to it is the 20 story Marine City Apartment complex.)

new marine drive dehiwala

The final photos here depicts the railway bridge and the new marine drive bridge as seen from the estuary of the old Wellawatte Dutch Canal.

Wellawatte canal bridge

Now the question lies how long it will take to see the contruction begin on the real road? And above all, if and when Dehiwala marine drive is constructed will it be enough to ease the  peak-hour traffic congestion on the Dehiwala stretch of the Galle Road and pure chaos found at the bottle-neck Dehiwala junction flyover inter-section?

Govt Wants Websites Publishing Sri Lanka News To Register With Media Ministry!

I just received the following SMS message on my mobile phone from Dialog Adaderana News Alerts.

“All websites that publish news on Sri Lanka or its people from here or elsewhere requested to register with the Media Ministry-Govt Info dept- – SMS Time: 05/11/2011 17:07:21”

As a average middle class citizen of Sri Lanka who does a bit of blogging about my country through this website, I’m very concerned about this new development. I would very much like to hear what you think about this issue?

Particularly about things like…

Is this move legal? Doesn’t it smack on smell like a move by the Government to curtain free speech?
Does this mean if someone has or wants to start even a blog using a free blogging platform in some remote corner of Sri Lanka they needs to register with the Media Ministry of Sri Lanka?
What will be the consequences if some website, blog or webpages with news feeds like a MySpace page or Facebook page doesn’t register with the media ministry? (Can the government block those sites or arrest the website owners and bloggers?)

Old Town of Madampe & Voice of America Shortwave Relay Station

This photo shows the Old Town of Madampe. Though you see only a few shops along a highway this place and surrounding areas seem to have a lot of character, history and secret missions going on.  I’ll share here what I heard about this area. I hope those from the Madampe area or know more about this area will come forward to add details about this town in the comments below.

old town madampe

Today this original Madampe town is overshadowed by the newer town known in Madampe area as the “Silver Town” which is located to the north of this old town. I heard the, “Silver Town” or the present Madampe town developed only recently as a result of banks and other important institutions opening up near the Madampe railway station which was a little away from the Madampe Old Town.

The world famous Voice of America Shortwave radio station’s Asia relay station is also located quite closeby to Madampe old town in the place called Iranawila. I was able to see the tall relay towers of the Voice of America Shortwave Radio from the paddy fields you see in the photograph below. There were a dozen or so towers and they were much taller than the telephone towers. Because I took these photos from my phone camera I couldn’t capture the towers clearly because they were very far in the horizon. I heard from Madampe people that the towers are lit at night and is a very beautiful sight to behold. According to US propaganda radio stations that function under Voice of America such as Radio Ashna, Radio Azadi, Radio Farda, Radio Free Afghanistan, Radio Free Asia, Radio Liberty and Radio Sawa are aired into Pakistan, Afghanistan, Central Asia and India from this relay station in Sri Lanka.

paddy field srilanka

For those unfamiliar with the location of Madampe, it is situated in Puttalam District in the North Western Province of Sri Lanka. The people of the area constitute of poor and middle class Muslims and Buddhist and Christian Sinhalese.